Yes, solar panels work in clouds or rain.
Solar panels work under clouds. Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels produce direct current (DC) electricity when the solar PV cells are illuminated by sunlight. They use light in the band of the electromagnetic spectrum from infrared, visible light and into the ultraviolet light wavelength. Anything that can reduce the visibility through the panel’s protective glass will reduce the electrical output of the panels. Dust/ dirt on the panel, fog, clouds, and rain will reduce the light available at the solar PV cells. Dirt, dust and leaf litter that gets onto the panels can have a dramatic effect in reducing light.
The solar panels are waterproof so that rain and dirt on the roof panels will not cause damage. Steady rain can effectively clean the solar panels. Afterwards, when the rain stops, the cleaning they get from rain will improve the solar panels generating effectiveness. The solar panels may work even better when the sunlight is less obscured by clouds or rain.
Solar panels need sunlight.
Unfortunately, renewable energy is an intermittent source of supply. In addition to the diurnal variation, there will be seasonal variations from nature. Using lithium batteries or even lead-acid and gel batteries for solar electricity storage can help level out the supply. Output from solar cells varies from a high output in bright sunlight to no power at night. Batteries will get cheaper in time and using them will improve the panel output curve. Batteries extend and improve the use of solar-generated power from panels even when it’s cloudy or raining.
When illuminated by light the panels produce some electricity. Solar panels work under clouds if they don’t totally obscure the daylight. As clouds pass over the area of the solar array the power output of the solar panels can fluctuate. A lower electricity output can be expected in lesser light of cloud shadow. The panel will increase production after the cloud shadow passes. It will decrease the power output when the next cloud shadow is moving overhead. Batteries can assist the household to maintain a constant power supply. Appliances draw charge from the battery if the panel’s output is diminished too much. When the light intensity reduces a smaller voltage output is evident and below a set threshold the inverter may switch off the current flow.
Some solar panels work in low light.
Some solar panel kits use amorphous silicon thin-film modules that can generate a DCoutput even in low light. Amorphous silicon panels may do better than monocrystalline and polycrystalline silicon cells in the low light range. However, thin-film solar panels generally have a lower electrical conversion efficiency than monocrystalline panels. Thin-film solar cells can operate in much of the visible light spectrum at a range of intensities from low light up to the full sun.